The latest worldwide air cargo figures – as reported by 75 airlines to WorldACD – confirmed that the month of October 2017 was special. Monthly volumes were higher than ever, whilst revenues (when measured in EUR) peaked as well. Although revenues measured in USD did not reach the heights scaled in the October months of the years 2010 – 2014, it should be noted that oil prices in that period were almost twice as high as they are now.
With the recovery under way for more than a year now, the 10% increases seen earlier this year are now behind us. However, for the fourteenth month in succession, the industry showed a year-over-year (YoY) growth well above 5%, easily outpacing the growth in world trade. And the records set in October are almost certain to be broken when November-figures will be in.
Worldwide volumes in October 2017 increased by 6.9% YoY. This figure, impressive in itself after the strong October 2016 performance, was dwarfed by a YoY revenue growth (in USD) of 20.5%. This very strong showing was driven in particular by the following factors: (1) an impressive yield growth from Europe and the Middle East & South Asia, in particular from India, (2) high volume growth from Europe, from and to North America, and to Central & South America; and (3) higher fuel cost factored into the revenues. Looking at the Top-20 origin countries, we noticed a more than average YoY volume growth in parts of the USA (Atlantic South +19.1%, and Midwest +14.4%), Vietnam (+16.6%), Australia (+15.9%), Japan (+12.3%), the UK (+10.4%), Spain (+8.6%) and Germany (+7.6%). Lagging behind were such diverse origins as Taiwan (-8.8%) , the Netherlands (+1.5%), China East (+2.9%) and India (+3.7%).
In the various categories of specific cargo products, the transport of pharmaceuticals had the largest YoY revenue growth (+31%), thanks to a healthy volume increase of 19%, coupled with an increase of more than 10% in yields that are already more than 50% higher than average air cargo yields. Developments in the two largest product categories were quite different. The transport of high tech & vulnerables goods thrived (both volume and yields increased by more than 11%), but fruits & vegetables were less in demand, at least when comparing with October 2016. The edibles’ volumes decreased by 2.5% YoY, whilst their average yields hardly gained ground. Compared with the previous month, however, this sector did very well, with a revenue increase of 16.3% over September 2017.
The trend in DTK growth for this year seems quite stable. Whenever the growth in DTK’s (Direct Ton Kilometers) is larger than the growth in kilograms, the average actual distance between origin and destination of shipments has increased. In October 2017, the difference was smaller than in previous months (+6.9% in kilograms vs. +7.4% in DTK’s), as the traditional long haul markets from East Asia grew less than average this month. For the year as a whole, we expect DTK’s to outgrow volume by 1% point. This means that longer haul markets in 2017 continue to grow more than shorter haul.